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Hive分析窗口函数(二) NTILE,ROW_NUMBER,RANK,DENSE_RANK

Hive lxw1234@qq.com 10273℃ 0评论

本文中介绍前几个序列函数,NTILE,ROW_NUMBER,RANK,DENSE_RANK,下面会一一解释各自的用途。

Hive版本为 apache-hive-0.13.1

注意: 序列函数不支持WINDOW子句。(什么是WINDOW子句,点此查看前面的文章

数据准备:

cookie1,2015-04-10,1
cookie1,2015-04-11,5
cookie1,2015-04-12,7
cookie1,2015-04-13,3
cookie1,2015-04-14,2
cookie1,2015-04-15,4
cookie1,2015-04-16,4
cookie2,2015-04-10,2
cookie2,2015-04-11,3
cookie2,2015-04-12,5
cookie2,2015-04-13,6
cookie2,2015-04-14,3
cookie2,2015-04-15,9
cookie2,2015-04-16,7

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE lxw1234 (
cookieid string,
createtime string,   --day 
pv INT
) ROW FORMAT DELIMITED 
FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' 
stored as textfile location '/tmp/lxw11/';

DESC lxw1234;
cookieid                STRING 
createtime              STRING 
pv INT 

hive> select * from lxw1234;
OK
cookie1 2015-04-10      1
cookie1 2015-04-11      5
cookie1 2015-04-12      7
cookie1 2015-04-13      3
cookie1 2015-04-14      2
cookie1 2015-04-15      4
cookie1 2015-04-16      4
cookie2 2015-04-10      2
cookie2 2015-04-11      3
cookie2 2015-04-12      5
cookie2 2015-04-13      6
cookie2 2015-04-14      3
cookie2 2015-04-15      9
cookie2 2015-04-16      7

NTILE

NTILE(n),用于将分组数据按照顺序切分成n片,返回当前切片值
NTILE不支持ROWS BETWEEN,比如 NTILE(2) OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY createtime ROWS BETWEEN 3 PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW)
如果切片不均匀,默认增加第一个切片的分布

SELECT 
cookieid,
createtime,
pv,
NTILE(2) OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY createtime) AS rn1,	--分组内将数据分成2片
NTILE(3) OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY createtime) AS rn2,  --分组内将数据分成3片
NTILE(4) OVER(ORDER BY createtime) AS rn3        --将所有数据分成4片
FROM lxw1234 
ORDER BY cookieid,createtime;

cookieid day           pv       rn1     rn2     rn3
-------------------------------------------------
cookie1 2015-04-10      1       1       1       1
cookie1 2015-04-11      5       1       1       1
cookie1 2015-04-12      7       1       1       2
cookie1 2015-04-13      3       1       2       2
cookie1 2015-04-14      2       2       2       3
cookie1 2015-04-15      4       2       3       3
cookie1 2015-04-16      4       2       3       4
cookie2 2015-04-10      2       1       1       1
cookie2 2015-04-11      3       1       1       1
cookie2 2015-04-12      5       1       1       2
cookie2 2015-04-13      6       1       2       2
cookie2 2015-04-14      3       2       2       3
cookie2 2015-04-15      9       2       3       4
cookie2 2015-04-16      7       2       3       4

–比如,统计一个cookie,pv数最多的前1/3的天

SELECT 
cookieid,
createtime,
pv,
NTILE(3) OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY pv DESC) AS rn 
FROM lxw1234;

--rn = 1 的记录,就是我们想要的结果

cookieid day           pv       rn
----------------------------------
cookie1 2015-04-12      7       1
cookie1 2015-04-11      5       1
cookie1 2015-04-15      4       1
cookie1 2015-04-16      4       2
cookie1 2015-04-13      3       2
cookie1 2015-04-14      2       3
cookie1 2015-04-10      1       3
cookie2 2015-04-15      9       1
cookie2 2015-04-16      7       1
cookie2 2015-04-13      6       1
cookie2 2015-04-12      5       2
cookie2 2015-04-14      3       2
cookie2 2015-04-11      3       3
cookie2 2015-04-10      2       3

ROW_NUMBER

ROW_NUMBER() –从1开始,按照顺序,生成分组内记录的序列
–比如,按照pv降序排列,生成分组内每天的pv名次
ROW_NUMBER() 的应用场景非常多,再比如,获取分组内排序第一的记录;获取一个session中的第一条refer等。

 

SELECT 
cookieid,
createtime,
pv,
ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY pv desc) AS rn 
FROM lxw1234;

cookieid day           pv       rn
------------------------------------------- 
cookie1 2015-04-12      7       1
cookie1 2015-04-11      5       2
cookie1 2015-04-15      4       3
cookie1 2015-04-16      4       4
cookie1 2015-04-13      3       5
cookie1 2015-04-14      2       6
cookie1 2015-04-10      1       7
cookie2 2015-04-15      9       1
cookie2 2015-04-16      7       2
cookie2 2015-04-13      6       3
cookie2 2015-04-12      5       4
cookie2 2015-04-14      3       5
cookie2 2015-04-11      3       6
cookie2 2015-04-10      2       7

RANK 和 DENSE_RANK

—RANK() 生成数据项在分组中的排名,排名相等会在名次中留下空位
—DENSE_RANK() 生成数据项在分组中的排名,排名相等会在名次中不会留下空位

 

SELECT 
cookieid,
createtime,
pv,
RANK() OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY pv desc) AS rn1,
DENSE_RANK() OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY pv desc) AS rn2,
ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY cookieid ORDER BY pv DESC) AS rn3 
FROM lxw1234 
WHERE cookieid = 'cookie1';

cookieid day           pv       rn1     rn2     rn3 
-------------------------------------------------- 
cookie1 2015-04-12      7       1       1       1
cookie1 2015-04-11      5       2       2       2
cookie1 2015-04-15      4       3       3       3
cookie1 2015-04-16      4       3       3       4
cookie1 2015-04-13      3       5       4       5
cookie1 2015-04-14      2       6       5       6
cookie1 2015-04-10      1       7       6       7

rn1: 15号和16号并列第3, 13号排第5
rn2: 15号和16号并列第3, 13号排第4
rn3: 如果相等,则按记录值排序,生成唯一的次序,如果所有记录值都相等,或许会随机排吧。

点此查看所有Hive窗口分析函数的文章

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